Raku originated in Kioto in the late XVI sec. With the potter Chojiro, a Korean immigrant and became exclusively linked to Japanese Zen tradition of the Tea Ceremony. It was first brought to attention of the Western world by Bernard Leach shortly after the beginning of this century, but the potter who is responsible for establishing "raku" as a popular creative method of pottery making is the American Paul Soldner who began his experiments around 1960. "Modern Raku" can be described, at its most rudimentary technical level, as a low fire pottery technique in witch bisque clay objects are placed in a pre-heated kiln and brought up quickly to a glaze maturing temperature (around 1000°C). The incandescent objects are then removed from the kiln with tongs and generally placed in a barrel of combustible material, covered and allowed to smoke for some predetermined amount of time (port firing reduction). This"raku" process is exciting and the result are never completely predictable, as all "raku" ceramist well know. Accidents can always happen with the shock treatment the clay undergoes. Only continuous practice diminish the percentage of cracked pieces and glaze failures.
From 27/08/2005 to 18/09/2005